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An underground storage tank (UST) system is a tank (or a combination of tanks) and connected underground piping having at least 10 percent of their combined volume underground. The tank system includes the tank, underground connected piping, underground ancillary equipment, and any containment system. The federal UST regulations apply only to UST systems storing either petroleum or certain hazardous substances.
Until the mid-1980s most underground storage tanks (USTs) were made ofbare steel, which is likely to corrode over time and allow UST contents to leakinto the environment. To address a nationwide problem of leaking USTs, Congresspassed a series of laws to protect human health and the environment beginningin 1984 with an amendment to the Solid Waste Disposal Act.
Estimated at 106 (2010 database report).
DEQ’s ‘Piedmont Regional Office’ would be the proper agency, but the specificcontact person would differ depending on the subject matter. Elizabeth Broeniman and Michael G. Kelly have been previousinspectors for Goochland County’s UST’s (804-527-5020).
All UST’s are required to have spill, overfill, and corrosionprotection. Testing frequency depends on the type of UST. Somesystems require daily product reconciliation by taking daily tank readings toverify that the product leaving the tank is attributed to filling a vehicle andnot a leak. Other systems are outfitted with a digital gauge. Thesetank volume readings are verified by a third party specializing in statisticalanalysis. Every three years, systems are required to verify that thefuel lines pass a tightness test and a tank cathodic protection test. These reports are provided to the DEQ representative during their inspections.
DEQ inspects registered tanks every three years. They check forthe technical requirements listed above, conduct an onsite inspection, andverify the owners’ financial responsibility to pay for costs associated withcleaning up releases and compensating third parties.
DEQ has jurisdiction over all UST’s, therefore, whenever Goochland County government receives a question or concern regarding them, we coordinate directly with DEQ.
DEQ has jurisdiction over the UST program. They conduct inspections every three years.
Farm and residential tanks of 1,100 gallons or less capacity holding motor fuel used for noncommercial purposes and tanks of 110 gallons or less capacity do not need to meet federal UST requirements. This is also the distinction between residential and commercial tanks.
Removal or abandoning of underground storage tanks (UST) must be done by a licensed contractor and requires a mechanical trades permit from the Building Inspection department. Please contact the Community Development Customer Service Center at 556-5860 or visit the Building Inspection website at http://www.goochlandva.us/168/Building-Inspection
TheDepartment of Environmental Quality oversees the abandonment or removal ofUSTs. Please visit the DEQ website for more information http://www.deq.virginia.gov/Programs/LandProtectionRevitalization/PetroleumProgram/StorageTanks/undergroundstoragetanks.aspx.
Please visit the EPA website at https://www.epa.gov/ust/frequent-questions-about-underground-storage-tanks
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